Locks & Cylinders

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What are Door Locks?

Locks are devices that use a latch, solid cylinder, bolt, or some type of solid metal plunger that extends into the strike to secure an opening to its frame. They are metal barriers that keep people out for their own privacy, security, or safety. 

What are the Different Types of Door Locks?

1. Knob Locks The most popular form of door lock on the market and the primary security measure for the majority of doors are knob locks. Instead of being within the door, the lock cylinder is inside the knob.Therefore, knob locks shouldn't be used on exterior doors since they can be easily picked with a hammer or wrench.

2. Cam Locks A fastener with an attached arm, or cam, that rotates to lock, makes up cam locks. They have a metal tube with a hole on one end that helps position the bolt when it is inserted, and they are cylindrical.
To restrict unauthorized access, these door locks are frequently employed in vending machines, filing cabinets, desks, or display cases. They are mostly undetectable inside completely built cabinets. Certain cam locks completely secure cabinet doors, making them desirable for protecting delicate materials.

3. Deadbolt Locks Even more effective security against break-ins and burglaries is provided by deadbolts. They have lock bolts that operate without the use of a spring when a knob or key is turned. They are less vulnerable to a knife or hand tool because of their distinctive locking mechanism, which is better able to withstand physical assaults, hammering, and boredom.
There are three main varieties of deadbolt locks: single, double, and vertical. The simplest deadbolts have a single cylinder and may be opened from one side using a key. Deadbolts with two cylinders can be opened using a key from either side. Similar to single and double deadbolts, vertical deadbolts operate by moving the lock vertically instead of horizontally. This position is less vulnerable to being forced in by using a tool like a crowbar to pry open the door.

4. Padlocks Locks are free-standing objects. They are transportable and not affixed to a door or container permanently, unlike other lock kinds. They are available in several models that are divided into keyed and combination categories. Keyed alike, keyed differently, and keyable are some of the kinds of keyed padlocks.
Due to their mobility and the shape of their looped-handle shackle, padlocks are simple to spot. As guarded or hooded padlocks, they may have elevated shoulders around the shackle to prevent bolt cutters from breaking through them.

5. Mortise Locks Mortise locks, which come in light-duty and heavy-duty types, are strong locks used on exterior doors. They contain a mechanism on the inside, which makes them more of a lockset than a lock.
These locksets, which can include knobs or levers, offer greater security than just cylinder locks. They use mortises that have been inserted inside the door and are threaded. The locking mechanism is made by installing the box lock in a deep mortise at the edge of the door and fastening it with a set screw and a cam. The cylinder component is available in a range of heights and lengths to fit a range of door types.

6. Keypad Locks Keypad door locks can be accessed without a key by punching numbers on an attached numerical keypad. They can be mechanical or battery-powered, and typically use mortise locks, knob locks, or deadbolt locks for the actual locking mechanism. Although many of these door locks also have keyholes for alternative unlocking mechanisms, these door locks provide increased versatility and permit entry without a key. A few keypad locks provide several personalized codes, making it simple for building managers to impose access restrictions.

7. Smart Locks There are additional ways to lock and open a door with smart locks, which are adaptable electronic door locks. The ability to lock and open a smart lock using a phone or key fob is its greatest advantage, even though many smart locks also contain a keypad and a keyhole. Many smart locks can connect to home automation services and are Wi-Fi or Bluetooth enabled as well. These locks require electricity to operate the linked features, and their batteries need to be changed frequently.

What are the Parts of door locks?

Chassis: The lock's interior body, or chassis, is where the door's hidden functioning components are located. The chassis controls, among other things, whether your lock has a Privacy/Bed & Bath, Passage/Hall & Closet, or Combined Interior function.

Trim: The trim, which is often referred to as a rose, is a decorative plate fastened to the door beneath the knob or lever. There are several trim types and finishes available depending on the lock you select to suit your individual preferences. If you want to improve the appearance and aesthetic of your home as a whole, updating your door hardware with ornamental trim is a simple way to achieve so.

Deadbolt: One of the most effective ways to secure a door is with a deadbolt. They can only be operated on with a key from the outside or a thumb turn from the inside. Smart deadbolts offer a simpler solution to lock and unlock your doors for individuals who desire high security and keyless ease. To prevent and secure entrance into your property, a deadbolt is often fitted on exterior doors above a knob, lever, or grip for a handset.

Escutcheon: Any plate, such as trim and handle plates, that encircles a keyhole or lock is referred to in this sentence. It gives you more security by preventing the lock cylinder from being drilled out. The Escutcheon additionally guards against key scratches in the surrounding area.

Faceplate: The faceplate, a metal plate on the edge of the door adjacent to the latch or deadbolt, guards the lock against damage. It could be a circular drive-in faceplate or have rounded edges. The preparation of your door determines the shape of the faceplate that will be utilized during installation.

Backplate: The backplate is placed with the latch when the faceplate has rounded corners so that it sits between the faceplate and the latch bore, which is where the latch enters the door.

Latch bolt: This style of lock, which is sometimes shortened as a latch, features a beveled, spring-operated bolt that engages when you close the door. A door lock latch is something you are familiar with if you've ever unintentionally locked yourself out of your home or a hotel room.

Spindle: The spindle is a bar that links knobs or levers to the lock mechanism via the door.

Strike plate: The strike plate is a metal plate that is attached to the door jamb and, like a faceplate, includes a hole (or holes) for the lock bolt. It is more than just ornamental. The strike plate secures the aperture while guarding the doorjamb.